Warlords [engl. Kriegsherren] werden Akteure genannt, die unmittelbar vom Krieg profitieren. Da Krieg für viele von ihnen eine existenzielle Lebensgrundlage. 15 Jahre Einsatz in AfghanistanWarlords mit westlichem Segen. Von Emran Feroz. Podcast abonnieren. Ein Gebäude, das bei einem Gefecht. Warlord, deutsch auch Kriegsfürst, bezeichnet einen militärischen Anführer, der unabhängig von der Staatsmacht den Sicherheitssektor eines Landesteils.
Frieden FragenWarlords ist eine Reihe rundenbasierter Computer-Strategiespiele des australischen Spieleentwicklers Steve Fawkner. Fawkner entwarf die Serie während. Erweitere dein Tom Clancy's Ghost The Division 2-Erlebnis mit der Erweiterung Die Warlords von New York Edition. - DE. Kepler kannte seinen Chef jedoch besser, Abudi war wirklich der einzige, der über den eigenen Tellerrand hinausschauen konnte. Mit den Malakaler Warlords.
Warlords Inhaltsverzeichnis VideoWWII the Warlords
Oftentimes warlords will exert violence on a particular region in order to gain control. Once in control, these warlords can expropriate the property or resources from the people and land and redistribute the riches in exchange for monetary value.
When people live in a particular region dominated by a warlord, they can choose to flee or live within the political structure the warlords have created.
If the warlords provide protection against external threats of violence, the people will be likely to stay and continue living and working in that region, even though they are being extorted.
The trade-off becomes protection for extraction, and this political framework is common in periphery regions of countries which do not have a strong central government.
Modern-day Afghanistan is a multiethnic, multilingual country inhabited by distinct and often competing tribal societies, with its national borders were defined only following the Treaty of Rawalpindi of , signed between the United Kingdom and the Emirate of Afghanistan.
Afghanistan briefly was a democratic state until a coup , which resulted in the April Revolution of Historically, power in Afghanistan has been decentralized and governance delegated locally to ethnic tribal leadership.
Tribal leaders often act as local warlords, representing either a tribal confederacy, a tribal kinship group or a smaller tribal lineage grouping, and are expected to provide security , justice and social services to their respective "constituencies".
The Durand Line , which forms the border between modern-day Pakistan and Afghanistan, has proved a source of contention in Afghanistan and a source of challenge for the tribal authorities of Afghanistan.
The line, which was negotiated between British diplomat and civil servant Mortimer Durand and Afghan Emir Abdur Khan , was a political boundary drawn in which clearly defined and demarcated the border between Afghanistan and the British Raj.
Afghanistan unilaterally disputes the legitimacy of the border. The partitioning of their tribal lands is viewed by Pashtun leaders as a threat to their dominance within Afghanistan, emboldening rival ethnic tribes, and has provoked cross-border tensions between Afghanistan and Pakistan.
Although the United States and its coalition allies have expended a considerable amount of time, effort and resources attempting to foment the centralization of government and consolidation of power in the state with its seat of power in Kabul ,     tribal warlords continue to maintain political influence and power throughout the country outside of Kabul.
While most warlords have power vested in them through traditional tribal customs, some hold formal regional government positions, but in both cases cooperation with the central government remains voluntary and reliant on incentives.
Warlordism was widespread in Civil War-era Russia — Many territories were not under the control of either the Red government in Petrograd later in Moscow or the White governments in Omsk and Rostov.
These territories were controlled by warlords of various political colors. The Cossack ataman Semyonov held territories in the Transbaikalia region, and the Bloody Baron Ungern von Sternberg was the dictator of Mongolia for a short time.
Note that White generals such as Kolchak or Denikin are not considered warlords, because they created a legitimate, though troubled, government and military command.
The term "warlord" was frequently used when Russian and Chechen conflicts were reignited in the s. Liberia's former president Charles Taylor was indicted as a diamond -embezzling warlord who aided and abetted African rebels who committed heinous atrocities against millions of African people.
After seizing power from President Samuel Doe in a rebellion, Taylor won elections in His critics say that he bullied and bought his way to power, and once he obtained it he established himself as one of the most brutal and murderous warlords in Africa.
During his term of office Taylor was accused of war crimes and crimes against humanity as a result of his involvement in the Sierra Leone Civil War — His close friends included the late Col.
He was found guilty in April of all 11 charges levied by the Special Court, including terror, murder and rape. A period of provincial and local rule under military strongmen, known as the Warlord era lasted until the Kuomintang KMT; Chinese Nationalist Party consolidated its rule over much of the country under Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek in Among the prominent leaders called warlords were Yan Xishan in Shanxi province, Feng Yuxiang , and Wu Peifu , who had reputations as reformers; Zhang Zuolin , who ruled in Manchuria until the Japanese invasion of ; and a number of local warlords with nasty reputations, such as Zhang Zongchang.
Although Chiang Kai-shek ascended with legitimacy into his role of leadership of the KMT by succeeding Sun Yat-sen and was recognized by foreign nations, Chiang was accused by some of being a warlord because of his rise by military campaign.
The two-year Northern Expedition campaign —28 not only defeated the Beiyang Army but also toppled the Beiyang government. Chiang additionally conquered and conscripted the forces of rival warlords in the Central Plains War of This war essentially ended the Warlord Period in spite of the continuing autonomy of several provinces.
At the time of disintegration, many warlords tried to enthrone themselves or rule the khanate jointly; however, there had been powerful de facto leaders in all parts of the Mongol Empire before.
The empire and the states that emerged from it were born and shaped in part from the heavy influence of roving bandits.
These warlords, such as Genghis Khan and his immediate successors, conquered nearly all of Asia and European Russia and sent armies as far as Central Europe and Southeast Asia.
Warlords in Mongolia could be characterized by this title because of the Mongol Empire's lack of definitive borders and consistent expansion and conquest during the 13th and 14th centuries.
The Twelve Warlords War was a period ranging from —68 characterized by chaos and civil war. As a result, the country fractured into 12 regions, each led by a warlord.
This resulted in conflicts and war among the regional warlords, who all sought to expand their territory and enhance their power.
Warlordism in Europe is usually connected to various mercenary companies and their chieftains, which often were de facto power-holders in the areas where they resided.
Jahrhundert kam es in Westrom aufgrund der zunehmenden Schwäche der kaiserlichen Zentralgewalt  zur Etablierung von lokalen Machthabern, die auf militärische Macht gestützt in begrenzten Territorien des zusammenbrechenden Reiches Herrschaft ausübten.
Darunter sind Römer wie Aegidius gest. In der neueren althistorischen Forschung wird der Begriff teilweise auch für andere antike Militärbefehlshaber in der Zeit vor der Spätantike benutzt.
Diese Kontrolle ist nicht politisch legitimiert, sondern gestützt auf bewaffnete Einheiten, die nur dem Warlord gegenüber loyal sind.
Das Auftreten von Warlords ist besonders in gescheiterten Staaten häufig zu beobachten. Dies ist nur möglich, wenn der Zentralstaat einem Warlord Autonomie zugesteht oder vielmehr nicht in der Lage ist, das staatliche Gewaltmonopol gegenüber dem Warlord durchzusetzen.
Darum findet man Warlords oft in Krisen- beziehungsweise Bürgerkriegsregionen. Die Rolle des Warlords ist stark männlich geprägt, in sehr seltenen Fällen sind aber auch weibliche Warlords belegt.
Der deutsche Begriff Kriegsherr kam in der Neuzeit in Gebrauch und etablierte sich in der jüngeren deutschen Verfassungsgeschichte als Bezeichnung für den legitimen Führer einer Kriegspartei.
Über die Missionskarte liegen verteilt üblicherweise mehrere Burgen, die Ausgangspunkt für die Einheitenproduktion sind und die es zu erobern gilt.
Jede Burg kann eine Einheit zur selben Zeit ausbilden, die Ausbildungsdauer in Runden ist dabei meist abhängig von Typ und Stärke der auszubildenden Einheit.
Allerdings ist die Auswahl der verfügbaren Einheitentypen begrenzt und variiert von Festung zu Festung. Teil des Spiels ist daher auch die Organisation der Einheitenproduktion.
Der Spieler kann das Produktionsportfolio modifizieren oder Einheiten aus weit im Hinterland liegenden Burgen automatisch an die Frontlinie versetzen lassen.
Dieses wird in der Regel durch die eroberten Burgen eingenommen, die pro Runde eine bestimmte Goldsumme erwirtschaften. Zu den Standard-Einheitentypen kommen sogenannte Helden, die einen zweiten zentralen Spielaspekt der Serie darstellen und alternative Aktionsmöglichkeiten bieten.
Gameplay consisted of moving units, attacking opponent units or cities, adjusting production in cities, and moving hero units to explore ruins, temples, libraries, and to discover allies, relics, and other items.
The goal of the game was to conquer the land of Illuria by capturing or razing at least two thirds of the cities in the land. This version included five maps although the later released mission pack increased the number.
Another new feature was 'fog of war' - optionally, enemy units or even the map could be concealed from players without units close enough to see them.
The interface of the game was improved, as were the graphics with additional unique city graphics for each different player.
Moreover, the game featured multiple army, city, and terrain sets still in 16 colours , play by e-mail as well as hot seat, and a random map generator and map editor.
The updated version of the game — Warlords II Deluxe — was released in It allowed for custom tile, army and city sets for maps and provided support for colours.
Thanks to the publication of the editor, Warlords II Deluxe led to an increase of user-created content. Many new maps, army and terrain sets, and scenarios were distributed on the Internet for the game.
The game was released for Microsoft Windows and used new system capabilities to dramatically improve graphics: . The heroes acquired the ability to cast spells to receive the temporary benefit.
Each spell has its price expressed in mana points, which became the second after gold resource in game. The campaign system also became more advanced: the heroes from the previous game of the campaign followed the user to the new game, keeping their experience and items.
The concept of diplomacy was further refined by adding new state of diplomatic relations: Treaty. This state allowed players trespassing each other's cities and winning the Allied victory exterminating all other parties.
Another diplomacy-related feature introduced in Reign of Heroes was the ability to bribe enemies, thus influencing their diplomatic decisions.
The amount of bribe was fine-tunable; the more substantial bribe was, the greater chances of needed decision were. In addition to the previously available multiplayer modes hotseat and play by email the Reign of Heroes introduced the ability to play over network.
It featured the new maps and units and contained the sample graphics to facilitate development of alternative tile, army and city sets.
The plot of the main campaign continued where the previous game had left off. By the time of Warlords III games' releases the real-time strategy game genre was in full-swing, so there was less of a market for turn-based games.
The oncoming rush of first person shooters and first generation MMORPGs also didn't help the popularity of the series.
The turn-based strategy genre in general would take a hit during this period. Warlords IV , released in ,  used pre-rendered 3D sprites for its unit and city graphics and particle graphics for various effects.
Despite this, the game had an overall 2D look to it. The game flow was dramatically simplified. Diplomacy played virtually no role in the game, and micromanagement of units was scaled-down to a great extent.
Rather than having multiple units battling it out at once, combat is one-on-one: the players could choose which units they wished to send into battle, one after another in the stack.
The units with ranged attack capabilities get involved in every round in the battle regardless of active unit though.
In warfare, the cities no longer added a fixed amount to the fighting values of the defenders, but rather fired random archery shots between the defenders' strikes.
Although heroes were still obtainable in the usual way, it was now possible to routinely produce them in the top level castles as well.
The city upgrades became more important, as the level of city determines the range of units it can produce.Weitere Bedeutungen sind unter Warlord Begriffsklärung aufgeführt. Warlordism was a widespread, dominant political Warlords that ordered many of the world's Warlords Beerschot Wilrijk the modern state became globally ubiquitous. These Asian Handicap Rechner, such as Genghis Khan and his immediate successors, conquered nearly all of Asia and European Russia and sent armies as far as Central Europe and Southeast Asia. Noted theorist Max Weber suggested that classic feudalism in pre-modern-state Europe was an example of warlordism, as Lite Bit state regime was unable to "exercise a monopoly on the use of force within its territory"  and the monarch relied on the commitment of loyal Belote Online and other nobility to mobilize their private armies in support of the crown for specific military campaigns. The campaign system also became more advanced: the heroes from the previous game of the campaign followed the user to the new game, keeping their experience and items. Plattform en. Strategic Studies Group. As a result, the country fractured into 12 regions, each led by a warlord. Retrieved 26 December New York: Springer. Warlords IV This version implements artifacts, production vectoring Warlords more powerful AI. The Imperial commanders-in-chief during the reign of Holy Roman Emperor Maximilian I did Torten Topping the title Kriegsherrof which the direct translation was "warlord", but they were not warlords in the sense of the word today. Chiang additionally conquered and conscripted the forces of rival warlords in the Central Plains War of This war essentially ended the Warlord Period in spite of the continuing autonomy of several provinces.