Dynastie erlangt er eine gewisse Bedeutung in Theben. Amun-re trat er amun-re Schöpfergott auf, aus dem Nun entsteigend, die hermopolitanische Achtheit und. Amun (auch Amon, Amoun, Ammon, Hammon, Amen oder seltener Imenand) ist der Wind- und Fruchtbarkeitsgott der altägyptischen Religion. Amun ist nicht zu verwechseln mit Ameni, einem Beinamen des Re. Dynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen.
Amun-Re, der SonnengottDynastie Verschmelzung der Götter Amun und Re zu Amun-Re. Amuns Ursprung scheint in dem Gau des Was-Zepters, in der Nähe von Hermonthis zu liegen. JAN ASSMANN. RE UND AMUN. Die Krise des polytheistischen Weltbilds im Ägypten der Dynastie. UNIVERSITÄTSVERLAG FREIBURG SCHWEIZ. Amun-Re – Wikipedia.
Amun-Re Navigationsmenü VideoPrecinct of Amun-Re temple is one of the temples of the Karnak Temple Complex in Luxor, Egypt The pharaohs choose their sites, build their pyramids, and thank Amun Re and the other Gods for their bounty. Each player wants, as pharaoh, to build the most pyramids. To accomplish this, he must first acquire a province, where he can trade and farm. With his profits, he can buy new provinces and building stones to erect pyramids. The last major change to the Precinct of Amun-Re's layout was the addition of the first pylon and the massive enclosure walls that surrounded the whole Precinct, both constructed by Nectanebo I. Amon-Ra (l'esprit des quatre elements, lame du monde matérial), N, Brooklyn Museum. Amun Re A mun-Re, a form of the sun god, is sometimes depicted as a sphinx or a human with the head of a hawk. The disk of the sun is a symbol of this god. The word Amun means "the hidden" or the "hiddenness of divinity", whereas Re means "the sun" or the "divinity in the power of the sun". Amun, reconstructed Egyptian Yamanu, was the name of a deity in Egyptian mythology who in the form of Amun-Ra became the focus of the most complex system of theology in Ancient Egypt. Whilst remaining hypostatic deities, Amun represented the essential and hidden, whilst in Ra he represented revealed divinity. Amun-Ra was central to the Egyptian culture so that, knowing him, we will know better the ancient Egyptians. Two Gods in One Divinity Lord of Truth, Father of the Gods, Maker of Men, Creator of all.
Sie werden wie Amun-Re KГnig bzw. - SchöpfergottAls Schöpfergott gehört er zu der Achtheit von Hermopolis und Lotto Quick Tipp, wie die drei anderen männlichen Gottheiten, als Schlange dargestellt die weiblichen als Frösche.
The introduction of Atenism under Akhenaten constructed a monotheist worship of Aten in direct competition with that of Amun.
Praises of Amun on stelae are strikingly similar in language to those later used, in particular, the Hymn to the Aten :. When thou crossest the sky, all faces behold thee, but when thou departest, thou are hidden from their faces When thou settest in the western mountain, then they sleep in the manner of death The fashioner of that which the soil produces, The sole Lord, who reaches the end of the lands every day, as one who sees them that tread thereon Every land chatters at his rising every day, in order to praise him.
When Akhenaten died, the priests of Amun-Ra reasserted themselves. Akhenaten's name was struck from Egyptian records, all of his religious and governmental changes were undone, and the capital was returned to Thebes.
The return to the previous capital and its patron deity was accomplished so swiftly that it seemed this almost monotheistic cult and its governmental reforms had never existed.
Worship of Aten ceased and worship of Amun-Ra was restored. The priests of Amun even persuaded his young son, Tutankhaten, whose name meant "the living image of Aten"—and who later would become pharaoh—to change his name to Tutankhamun , "the living image of Amun".
In the New Kingdom, Amun became successively identified with all other Egyptian deities, to the point of virtual monotheism which was then attacked by means of the "counter-monotheism" of Atenism.
Primarily, the god of wind Amun came to be identified with the solar god Ra and the god of fertility and creation Min , so that Amun-Ra had the main characteristic of a solar god , creator god and fertility god.
He also adopted the aspect of the ram from the Nubian solar god, besides numerous other titles and aspects. As Amun-Re, he was petitioned for mercy by those who believed suffering had come about as a result of their own or others' wrongdoing.
Amon-Re "who hears the prayer, who comes at the cry of the poor and distressed Beware of him! Repeat him to son and daughter, to great and small; relate him to generations of generations who have not yet come into being; relate him to fishes in the deep, to birds in heaven; repeat him to him who does not know him and to him who knows him Though it may be that the servant is normal in doing wrong, yet the Lord is normal in being merciful.
The Lord of Thebes does not spend an entire day angry. As for his anger — in the completion of a moment there is no remnant As thy Ka endures!
In the Leiden hymns, Amun, Ptah , and Re are regarded as a trinity who are distinct gods but with unity in plurality.
All gods are three: Amun, Re and Ptah, whom none equals. He who hides his name as Amun, he appears to the face as Re, his body is Ptah.
Henri Frankfort suggested that Amun was originally a wind god and pointed out that the implicit connection between the winds and mysteriousness was paralleled in a passage from the Gospel of John : "The wind blows where it wishes, and you hear the sound of it, but do not know where it comes from and where it is going.
The tempest moves aside for the sailor who remembers the name of Amon. The storm becomes a sweet breeze for he who invokes His name Amon is more effective than millions for he who places Him in his heart.
Thanks to Him the single man becomes stronger than a crowd. While not regarded as a dynasty, the High Priests of Amun at Thebes were nevertheless of such power and influence that they were effectively the rulers of Egypt from to c.
The Amun priests owned two-thirds of all the temple lands in Egypt and 90 percent of her ships and many other resources.
In the 10th century BC, the overwhelming dominance of Amun over all of Egypt gradually began to decline. In Thebes, however, his worship continued unabated, especially under the Nubian Twenty-fifth Dynasty of Egypt , as Amun was by now seen as a national god in Nubia.
Tantamani died BC , the last pharaoh of the Nubian dynasty, still bore a theophoric name referring to Amun in the Nubian form Amani. In areas outside Egypt where the Egyptians had previously brought the cult of Amun his worship continued into classical antiquity.
In Nubia, where his name was pronounced Amane or Amani , he remained a national deity, with his priests, at Meroe and Nobatia ,  regulating the whole government of the country via an oracle , choosing the ruler, and directing military expeditions.
According to Diodorus Siculus , these religious leaders were even able to compel kings to commit suicide, although this tradition stopped when Arkamane , in the 3rd century BC, slew them.
The area is not closed, as the temples of Khons and Opet both lie in this corner and are open to the public, though both are rarely visited, relative to the huge numbers of tourists who come to Karnak.
Also found in that area is the Akhenaten Temple Project , in a sealed long building which contains surviving remnants of the dismantled Temple of Amenhotep IV Akhenaten.
The history of the Karnak complex is largely the history of Thebes. The city does not appear to have been of any significance before the Eleventh Dynasty , and any temple building here would have been relatively small and unimportant, with any shrines being dedicated to the early god of Thebes, Montu.
The main temple is laid out on an east—west axis, entered via a quay now dry and several hundred metres from the Nile. The modern entrance is placed over the end of the ancient cult terrace or tribune , causing most visitors to miss this significant feature.
Inscribed into the terrace though many are now eroded away are the inundation levels for several kings of the Third Intermediate Period , collectively known as the Nile Level Texts.
The cult terrace is often mistakenly thought to be a dock or quay, but other examples, such as the one at the Hathor temple at Deir el-Medina , do not have access to water.
It was intended for the presentation of cult images. Originally the quay led via a corridor of Sphinxes to the entrance to the second pylon , but these were moved aside when the First Pylon was constructed.
Construction of the current pylon began in 30th Dynasty , but was never totally completed. It is m wide and 15m thick. There are large numbers of mud bricks piled up against the inside of the pylon, and these give a clue as to how it was constructed.
The construction of the original first pylon and Forecourt in the 22nd Dynasty enclosed several older structures, and meant that the original avenue of sphinxes had to be moved.
In order to construct this kiosk, the ram-sphinx corridor was removed and the statues moved to the edges of the open court. On the south side of the forecourt, there is a small temple built by Ramesses III.
Inscriptions inside the temple show the king slaughtering captives, whilst Amun-Re looks on. This pylon  was built by Horemheb near the end of his reign and only partly decorated by him.
Ramesses I usurped Horemheb's reliefs and inscriptions on the pylon and added his own to them. These were later usurped by Ramesses II.
The east rear face of the pylon became the west wall of the newly built Great Hypostyle Hall under Seti I who added some honorary images of the late Ramesses I to compensate for having had to erase his father's images there when he built the hall.
Horemheb filled the interior of the pylon towers with thousands of recycled blocks from dismantled monuments of his predecessors, especially Talatat blocks from the monuments of Akhenaten along with a temple of Tutankhamen and Ay.
The Second Pylon's roof collapsed in late antiquity and was later restored in Ptolemaic times. The north side of the hall is decorated in raised relief, and was Seti I 's work.
He began to decorate the southern side of the hall shortly before he died but this section was largely completed by his son, Ramesses II.
Ramesses decoration was at first in raised relief, but he quickly changed to sunk relief and then converted his raised relief decoration in the southern part of the hall, along with the few reliefs of Seti there, to sunk relief.
Dynastie unter Mentuhotep II. Ihm zu Ehren wurde die Kapelle für seinen neuen Kult erbaut. Unter Amenophis IV.
Die ikonografische Darstellung symbolisierte zunächst die Attribute des Min und des Amun. Zumeist trägt Amun-Re die Doppelfederkrone, die von einem Stirnband gehalten wird.
Entsprechend erweiterte sich nun seine ikonografische Darstellung mit dem Tempel des Min und den Pflanzen des Lattichgartens.
In der frühen Der Stier war mit seiner sexuellen Kraft ein Symbol für Fruchtbarkeit, weshalb Amun auch als Fruchtbarkeitsgott verehrt wurde.
Die Nilüberschwemmung und der Nordwind stammten von ihm und die Ägypter glaubten, dass sich Amun in der Luft manifestierte. Ramses II. Sethos I.Amun-Re, likewise with the Hebrew creator deity, did not physically engender the universe. His position as King of Gods developed to the point of virtual monotheism were other Gods became manifestations of him. With Osiris Amun-Re is the most widely recorded of the Egyptian Gods.